Surrogacy in India and its Types
Comparing with past some years, infertility is now a curable defect as there are a number of treatments available for the same. All thanks to the discoveries of modern science that has made it possible for infertile couples to have their own child. Surrogacy is the ideal procedure that helps couples getting a surrogate looking for surrogacy option. Choosing to go for this treatment, people can now have their genetic child with the help of surrogacy.
It is natural for a couple to experience stress and depression if they failed in pregnancy attempt. Moreover, when one chooses to go for infertility treatments, procedures such as sperm extraction can create emotional problems for the couple if the procedure results in a failure. They might lose their patient, which can further result in anxiety. Therefore, it is most important for the couple to get prepare mentally and emotionally.
Preparation for infertility treatments will help them bear stress even if the procedure fails. The results are not always positive and thus it is imperative for the couple to accept this truth as it is the most important part of preparation. Intended parents may require consultation from experienced psychologist to prepare themselves mentally. Surrogacy if understood carefully is a medical facility that can be opted to have a child.
What are the surrogacy types?
There are two types of surrogacy practiced in India, namely traditional and gestational surrogacy. Here is a brief description of both of these procedures:
- Gestational surrogacy: it is a kind of surrogacy that is mostly practiced in India and has also got a legal status in the country. This procedure is generally preferred as there is no genetic relation of a surrogate to the child whom she is nurturing. The gestational surrogacy is a process in which the eggs from biological mother and father are fertilized in the lab using in vitro fertilization.
The eggs are then transferred to surrogate’s embryo after three to five days after they are matured enough to implant in surrogate mother’s womb. As gestational surrogacy, do not make use of surrogate’s egg. Therefore, the child will not be related to the surrogate biologically.
Using the gestational type of surrogacy, the embryo is actually created by using both the biological father’s sperm and the biological mother’s egg. In most cases, fertilization of egg will take an ideal time of three to five days for the embryos to develop in the laboratory prior to transferring them to the surrogate.
After the embryo fuses successfully, it is then transferred to the womb of surrogate with the innovative medical techniques available for the same. Once the embryo is placed successfully into the surrogate’s uterus, the surrogate will carry the embryo through the pregnancy term until its birth.
- Traditional surrogacy: unlike gestational surrogacy, in traditional surrogacy, the surrogate is related to child genetically and acts both as the genetic and the surrogate of the child for intended parents. The surrogate is impregnated making use of a procedure called intrauterine insemination, or IUI.
In intrauterine insemination, or IUI procedure, the sperm from biological father is taken and is transferred to the surrogate’s uterus to help fertilization take place naturally. Thus, in traditional surrogacy, the surrogate is biological related to the child born ad because of this very reason, a number of parents do not wish to have a child born through eggs of another women instead of the biological mother. After the birth of a child through traditional surrogacy, intended father’s name is put directly on the birth certificate of the child. The intended mother then requires taking a step-mother adoption. Laws regarding this issue vary from state to state. Thus, it involves participation of a lawyer having the knowledge so that procedure can be done smoothly.
What to check in the surrogate mother in India?
To practice any of the surrogacy mentioned above, a surrogate needs to stick to rules designed by the clinics. These rules differ a bit from one clinic to another however; some of the rules stated below should be followed by every surrogate.
- The women must not be a smoker and must be a educated lady, so that she can understand the process well prior to taking the decision of coming into the profession.
- Organizations do a thorough investigation about the background of a woman prior to accepting her as a surrogate mother.
- The woman also requires going under a medical examination to make sure she is physically fit for the intended job.
Facing infertility issue is of course a problem that can easily let a couple feel emotionally depressed besides providing them a lot of mental stress. However, proved IVF treatments and solutions to infertility are now a child’s play for surgeons. A number of cases are there that have strongly proved the miracle of science of bestowing infertile couple with their own child.
Frequently Asked Questions on Surrogacy India Information:
Why choose altruistic surrogacy?
The altruistic surrogacy method involves the surrogate mother. It is the only legal method available in India. Also, the process does not include the surrogate mother’s compensation. Because it is illegal in India to provide the surrogate mother compensation. And the altruistic form means the surrogate mother is ready to help you. As she will conceive to deliver your child. Also, she is not helping the couple for any monetary benefit. Because in altruistic surrogacy, the surrogate mother does not get any compensation. Also, it helps in the entire surrogacy charges for the intended parents’ budget.
How much surrogacy success rate?
Surrogacy success rates are much higher than any other method. Because it involves a healthy surrogate mother. As she conceives for the couple to deliver the baby. It is the best method in many extreme infertility conditions. As the couple does not have any conception chance. So, you can choose the best method for having the baby successfully. Surrogacy success rates are also higher because the IVF process helps. As the surrogate mother conception happens with the IVF treatment. The expert fertilizes a couple of gametes under observation. Also, various advanced methods and procedures can perform within the treatment.
Does surrogacy have risks?
No, surrogacy generally does not include any risk or problem. It can only involve legal concerns. Because every country has its rules and regulation regarding the process. The intended parents choosing the procedure have to check the country’s laws before starting. It will help you choose the best method. Surrogacy risks will occur if you do not have the process as per the laws. As you can face fines or imprisonment. Otherwise, surrogacy involves the IVF procedure that has egg retrieval and medications used. It can cause some problems for the female partner as OHSS (Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome).
Why does surrogacy needs legalization?
Surrogacy is the extensive process that functions between two parties. It involves the surrogate mother’s conception and delivery to the intended parents. Well, the process’s motive is to provide a successful pregnancy for the couple. But many people use the procedure as per their choice and use. And they have all the illegal activities. Thus, surrogacy can lead to the surrogate mother, resulting in the child and intended parents’ exploitation. So, every country’s government is legalizing the process as per needs. Also, it helps as a better process for the couple with extreme infertility conditions without causing any problems.
Does the child through surrogacy have health conditions?
Yes, the child through surrogacy will be highly healthy. Also, your baby will share the genetic relation with the intended parents. Because the process functions with the IVF treatment for the surrogate mother’s conception. The healthy surrogate mother carries to deliver your baby under top observation. With, the method starts after checking the couple and surrogate health and any disorder conditions. So that any issue can diagnose before starting the method. Also, you can have the top procedure as per problems. It helps in the successful and healthy pregnancy of the surrogate.
Why are surrogacy charges highly expensive?
Surrogacy is an expensive process because the couple has the surrogate mother’s womb. As the healthy surrogate mother conceives and delivers the intended parents’ child. Also, the process is highly top-notch to help in surrogate mother pregnancy outcomes. But the child will have a genetic relationship with the intended parents. It includes different charges from starting the process to taking your healthy baby home. As you can check the charges because various factors are responsible for increasing the process charges. Your surrogacy cost is higher as the legal agreement also includes. It impacts the entire budget as increases higher.
What is the surrogate mother’s medical insurance?
Many countries have banned compensated surrogacy. It means they only provide the altruistic surrogacy form. Altruistic surrogacy does not include the surrogate mother’s compensation. It means the surrogate mother will not have any monetary benefit for helping the couple. So, the couple can have to provide the surrogate mother with medical insurance. As you process can include it. The medical insurance covers after the child’s birth. And the surrogate mother’s medical insurance covers the health care for a maximum of three years.
How do the donor eggs help?
The donor eggs are the healthy eggs from a healthy person. As the female partner cannot produce healthy eggs for fertilization. Your fertility process can include healthy donor eggs for a successful pregnancy outcome. It involves the advanced fertilizing of the donor eggs with male partner sperm. The process helps in various conditions. You can also have healthy donor eggs in the surrogacy process. As the female partner cannot produce healthy eggs for the surrogate pregnancy outcome. So, these are highly successful in providing pregnancy results.