History of Surrogacy in India
The roots of Indian surrogacy have its traces in the history and provided evidences of being a century old procedure. The procedure became a successful practice in India with the birth of world’s second and India’s first IVF baby Kanupriya alias Durga who was born in Kolkata on Oct. 3, 1978. Since then the field of assisted reproductive technology or called ART in short has shown fastest developments. The procedure started long back however; there is still no legal recognition of surrogacy in India.
Till date only gestational surrogacy has been promoted that is also in its nascent stage. In addition to it, the laws related to surrogacy are also in the nascent stage. The guiding force between both the parties i.e. the surrogate and the intended parents are just the ART guidelines designed long back. There are no codified laws. They are yet to be adopted and implemented. With the recent growth in the count of Intended parents opting for surrogacy in India, the nation has become the much sought after surrogacy destination.
In India, surrogacy has always remained a debated topic as it has always been discussed upon legal, social and ethical aspects. There have been cases that have resulted in both the favor and sometimes against the practice of the procedure when the attempt did not result in success. However, after many efforts commercial surrogacy was made legal in India in 2002. India has proved itself to be one of the most famous surrogacy destinations preferred internationally.
In past some decades there has been enormous growth in reproductive techniques in India that includes innovative door insemination techniques, in vitro fertilization techniques, embryo techniques and much more that has given hopes to childless couples. At one hand where intended parents are much happy to have such a technique available for them, there are some communities, on the other hand who are not in the favor practicing surrogacy in India.
Reasons Favoring Surrogacy
A number of reasons are there that favors surrogacy. Most of them are fertility problems with intended parents. Following is a brief description of all these reasons favoring surrogacy:
- Intended parents are incompatible to bear pregnancy: because of fertility issues some of the parents are not compatible to bear pregnancy. For these parents nothing but surrogacy becomes an ideal option to opt for. This is one of the reasons making surrogacy a growing business all over the India.
- Medical complications: there may be some physical complications to intended parents owing to which they are not able to have a baby of their own. This leaves them with no other choice than going for surrogacy. Adoption is another idea for these parents to go with. However, couples generally wish to have their genetic child rather than opting one. This has also help booming surrogacy business.
- Recurrent abortion: recurrent abortion of intended mother can make it difficult for her to conceive again and give birth to a successful baby. It thus appeals them to get help of a surrogate mother for the birth of their genetic child. This is another reason making surrogacy successful.
- Repeated failure of IVF procedure: failure of IVF procedure for intended parents can also be a reason for opting for surrogacy. This way the intended couple can have their genetic child born through a surrogate that she will hand over to intended parents after the birth of the child.
All the reasons mentioned above are some of the most important causes helping surrogacy boom in Indian sub continent. Affordable rates have also helped in favoring surrogacy in India.